MPI_Put - One Sided data placement operation
#include <mpi.h> int MPI_Put(void *orgaddr, int orgcnt, MPI_Datatype orgtype, int rank,
MPI_Aint targdisp, int targcnt, MPI_Datatype targtype, MPI_Win win)
- - initial address of origin buffer (choice)
- - number of entries in origin buffer (nonnegative integer)
- - datatype of each entry in origin buffer (handle)
- - rank of target (nonnegative integer)
- - displacement from start of window to target buffer (nonnegative integer)
- - number of entries in target buffer (nonnegative integer)
- - datatype of each entry in target buffer (handle)
- - window object used for communication (handle)
The target_datatype argument is a handle to a datatype object that is defined at the origin process, even though it defines a data layout in the target process memory.
NOTES FOR FORTRAN¶
All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK ) have an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the call statement.
All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype , MPI_Comm ) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.
USAGE WITH IMPI EXTENSIONS¶
The IMPI standard only supports MPI-1 functions. Hence, this function is currently not designed to operate within an IMPI job.
If an error occurs in an MPI function, the current MPI error handler is called to handle it. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Errhandler_set ; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned (in C and Fortran; this error handler is less useful in with the C++ MPI bindings. The predefined error handler MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS should be used in C++ if the error value needs to be recovered). Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.
All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick ) return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. The C++ bindings for MPI do not return error values; instead, error values are communicated by throwing exceptions of type MPI::Exception (but not by default). Exceptions are only thrown if the error value is not MPI::SUCCESS .
Note that if the MPI::ERRORS_RETURN handler is set in C++, while MPI functions will return upon an error, there will be no way to recover what the actual error value was.
- - No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
- - Invalid window. A common error is to use a null window in a call.
- - Invalid source or destination rank. Ranks must be between zero and the size of the communicator minus one; ranks in a receive ( MPI_Recv , MPI_Irecv , MPI_Sendrecv , etc.) may also be MPI_ANY_SOURCE .
- - Other error; use MPI_Error_string to get more information about this error code.
- - This error indicates than an operation has been attempted on a "closed" window. Certain one-sided operations can only be performed on windows whose epoch has been started with MPI_Win_start.
- - An internal error has been detected. This is fatal. Please send a bug report to the LAM mailing list (see http://www.lam-mpi.org/contact.php ).
- - Type not supported for this operation. This typically applies to either reduction operations (for which only a limited combination of datatypes and operations are defined, see MPI-1, section 4.9.2) or one-sided operations where the actions on specific datatpyes have not been implemented yet.
For more information, please see the official MPI Forum web site, which contains the text of both the MPI-1 and MPI-2 standards. These documents contain detailed information about each MPI function (most of which is not duplicated in these man pages).