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NAME - Imports a binary raster file into a GRASS 3D raster map.


raster3d, import, voxel

SYNOPSIS --help [-rdis] input=name output=name bytes=integer [order=string] north=float south=float east=float west=float bottom=float top=float rows=integer cols=integer depths=integer [null=float] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Switch the row order in output from north->south to south->north

Switch the depth order in output from bottom->top to top->bottom

Binary data is of type integer

Signed data (two’s complement)

Allow output files to overwrite existing files

Print usage summary

Verbose module output

Quiet module output

Force launching GUI dialog


Name of binary 3D raster file to be imported

Name for output 3D raster map

Number of bytes per cell in binary file
Options: 1, 2, 4, 8

Byte order in binary file
Options: big, little, native, swap
Default: native

Northern limit of geographic region (outer edge)

Southern limit of geographic region (outer edge)

Eastern limit of geographic region (outer edge)

Western limit of geographic region (outer edge)

Bottom limit of geographic region (outer edge)

Top limit of geographic region (outer edge)

Number of rows

Number of columns

Number of depths

Set Value to NULL

DESCRIPTION allows a user to create a GRASS 3D raster map from a variety of binary 3D raster data formats.

The top, bottom, north, south, east, and west field values entered are the coordinates of the edges of the geographic region. The depths, rows and cols field values entered describe the dimensions of the matrix of data to follow. If the bytes field is entered incorrectly an error will be generated suggesting a closer bytes value.


The write order of the rows (north->south to south->north) and the write order of the depths (bottom->top to top->bottom) can be switched.

Have a look at r3.out.ascii to manual page that describes the internal layout of the 3D raster maps and the supported row and depth switch options.

Import of little and big endian byte order as well as signed and unsigned integer data types is supported.


First we create a specific region and a 3D raster map that we will export with r3.out.bin and import again.

g.region w=0 e=180 s=0 n=90 b=0 t=100 res3=10
r3.mapcalc expr="test_out_bin_float = float(if(row() == 2, null(), row()))"
r3.out.bin input=test_out_bin_float byte=4 null=-9999 \

output=test_out_bin_float_native_b4.bin order=native output=test_in_bin_float byte=4 null=-9999 \
input=test_out_bin_float_native_b4.bin order=native \
bottom=0 top=100 west=0 east=180 south=0 north=90 \
cols=18 rows=9 depths=10


r3.out.bin,, r3.out.ascii


Soren Gebbert, based on from Jacques Bouchard and Bob Covill


Available at: source code (history)

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© 2003-2020 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.8.5 Reference Manual

GRASS 7.8.5