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i.fft(1grass) GRASS GIS User's Manual i.fft(1grass)


i.fft - Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) for image processing.


imagery, transformation, Fast Fourier Transform


i.fft --help
i.fft input=name real=name imaginary=name [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Allow output files to overwrite existing files

Print usage summary

Verbose module output

Quiet module output

Force launching GUI dialog


Name of input raster map

Name for output real part arrays stored as raster map

Name for output imaginary part arrays stored as raster map


i.fft is an image processing program based on the FFT algorithm given by Frigo et al. (1998), that processes a single input raster map layer (input) and constructs the real and imaginary Fourier components in frequency space.


The real and imaginary components are stored into the real and imaginary raster map layers. In these raster map layers the low frequency components are in the center and the high frequency components are toward the edges. The input need not be square. A color table is assigned to the resultant map layer.

The current geographic region and mask settings are respected when reading the input file. The presence of nulls or a mask will make the resulting fast Fourier transform invalid.


North Carolina example:

g.region raster=lsat7_2002_70
i.fft input=lsat7_2002_70 real=lsat7_2002_70.real imaginary=lsat7_2002_70.imag
# set region to resulting FFT output map (due to new FFT coordinate space):
g.region raster=lsat7_2002_70.real -p
d.mon x0
d.rast lsat7_2002_70.real
d.rast lsat7_2002_70.imag


  • M. Frigo and S. G. Johnson (1998): "FFTW: An Adaptive Software Architecture for the FFT". See FFTW is a C subroutine library for computing the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) in one or more dimensions, of both real and complex data, and of arbitrary input size.
  • John A. Richards, 1986. Remote Sensing Digital Image Analysis, Springer-Verlag.
  • Personal communication, between program author and Ali R. Vali, Space Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, 1990.


i.cca, g.gui.iclass, i.ifft, i.pca


David Satnik, GIS Laboratory, Central Washington University
Glynn Clements (FFTW support)


Available at: i.fft source code (history)

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