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displaydrivers(1grass) GRASS GIS User's Manual displaydrivers(1grass)

Display drivers

The current command line rendering mechanism is direct rendering into a file. The driver is selected by setting the GRASS_RENDER_IMMEDIATE variable or by running d.mon module.

List of available display drivers:

  • Cairo driver
  • PNG driver
  • PS driver (Postscript)
  • HTMLMAP driver



If environmental variable GRASS_RENDER_COMMAND is defined, rendering is redirected by display library to the given external command defined by this variable. Currently only Python scrips are supported.

Lets start with simple example of Python script called

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import os
import sys
import grass.script as grass
from grass.script import task as gtask
os.environ[’GRASS_RENDER_IMMEDIATE’] = ’default’
os.environ[’GRASS_RENDER_FILE’] = ’output.png’
cmd, dcmd = gtask.cmdstring_to_tuple(sys.argv[1])
grass.run_command(’d.text’, text="Test of GRASS_RENDER_COMMAND redirection")
grass.run_command(cmd, **dcmd)
After defining GRASS_RENDER_COMMAND variable (example for Bash):
Display GRASS modules like d.rast or d.vect will be executed by program. For example the command
d.vect roadsmajor
produces output PNG file output.png which will contain rendered features from vector map roadsmajor and sample text "Test of GRASS_RENDER_COMMAND redirection".


d.mon, variables


Available at: Display drivers source code (history)

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© 2003-2020 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.8.5 Reference Manual

GRASS 7.8.5