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d.northarrow(1grass) GRASS GIS User's Manual d.northarrow(1grass)


d.northarrow - Displays a north arrow on the graphics monitor.


display, cartography, map annotations, arrow


d.northarrow --help
d.northarrow [-twr] [style=string] [at=x,y] [rotation=float] [label=string] [color=name] [fill_color=name] [text_color=name] [width=float] [font=string] [fontsize=float] [path=name] [charset=string] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Draw the symbol without text

Do not rotate text with symbol

Use radians instead of degrees for rotation

Print usage summary

Verbose module output

Quiet module output

Force launching GUI dialog


North arrow style
Options: 1a, 1b, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9, fancy_compass, basic_compass, arrow1, arrow2, arrow3, star
Default: 1a
1a: Two color arrowhead
1b: Two color arrowhead with circle
2: Narrow with blending N
3: Long with small arrowhead
4: Inverted narrow inside a circle
5: Triangle and N inside a circle
6: Arrowhead and N inside a circle
7a: Tall half convex arrowhead
7b: Tall half concave arrowhead
8a: Thin arrow in a circle
8b: Fat arrow in a circle
9: One color arrowhead
fancy_compass: Fancy compass
basic_compass: Basic compass
arrow1: Simple arrow
arrow2: Thin arrow
arrow3: Fat arrow
star: 4-point star

Screen coordinates of the rectangle’s top-left corner
(0,0) is lower-left of the display frame
Options: 0-100
Default: 85.0,15.0

Rotation angle in degrees (counter-clockwise)
Default: 0

Displayed letter on the top of arrow
Default: N

Line color
Either a standard color name, R:G:B triplet, or "none"
Default: black

Fill color
Either a standard color name, R:G:B triplet, or "none"
Default: black

Text color
Either a standard color name or R:G:B triplet

Line width
Default: 0

Font name

Font size
Options: 1-360
Default: 14

Path to font file

Text encoding (only applicable to TrueType fonts)


d.northarrow displays a north arrow symbol at the given screen coordinates. If no coordinates are given it will draw the north arrow in the bottom right of the display. It can draw the north arrow in a number of styles (see the wiki page for details). With certain styles of north arrow label ’N’ is displayed by default, and can be changed with option label, for example for different languages. The label can be hidden with -t flag.

North arrow can be rotated, for example to align with true north, not grid north. The angle in degrees counter-clockwise (or radians with -r flag) can be specified with option rotation. Label is rotated together with the arrow, unless flag -w is specified.


Display a north arrow symbol as a basic compas with label NORTH, rotated by 8 degrees with label, with black line and gray fill:

d.mon wx0
d.northarrow style=basic_compas rotation=8 label=NORTH -w color=black fill_color=gray
d.mon -r


d.barscale, d.graph, d.grid, d.legend


Hamish Bowman, Department of Geology, University of Otago, New Zealand
Improvements as part of GSoC 2016 by Adam Laza, CTU in Prague


Available at: d.northarrow source code (history)

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GRASS 7.8.5