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GIT-ABSORB(1) git absorb GIT-ABSORB(1)


git-absorb - Automatically absorb staged changes into your current branch


git absorb [FLAGS] [OPTIONS]


You have a feature branch with a few commits. Your teammate reviewed the branch and pointed out a few bugs. You have fixes for the bugs, but you don’t want to shove them all into an opaque commit that says fixes, because you believe in atomic commits. Instead of manually finding commit SHAs for git commit --fixup, or running a manual interactive rebase, do this:

$ git add $FILES_YOU_FIXED
$ git absorb --and-rebase

(or) $ git absorb $ git rebase -i --autosquash master

git absorb will automatically identify which commits are safe to modify, and which indexed changes belong to each of those commits. It will then write fixup! commits for each of those changes. You can check its output manually if you don’t trust it, and then fold the fixups into your feature branch with git’s built-in autosquash functionality.


-r, --and-rebase

Run rebase if successful

-n, --dry-run

Don’t make any actual changes

-f, --force

Skip safety checks

-h, --help

Prints help information

-V, --version

Prints version information

-v, --verbose

Display more output


-b <base>, --base <base>

Use this commit as the base of the absorb stack


1.git add any changes that you want to absorb. By design, git absorb will only consider content in the git index.

2.git absorb. This will create a sequence of commits on HEAD. Each commit will have a fixup! message indicating the message (if unique) or SHA of the commit it should be squashed into.

3.If you are satisfied with the output, git rebase -i --autosquash to squash the fixup! commits into their predecessors. You can set the [GIT_SEQUENCE_EDITOR][] environment variable if you don’t need to edit the rebase TODO file.

4.If you are not satisfied (or if something bad happened), git reset --soft to the pre-absorption commit to recover your old state. (You can find the commit in question with git reflog.) And if you think git absorb is at fault, please [file an issue][].



When run without --base, git-absorb will only search for candidate commits to fixup within a certain range (by default 10). If you get an error like this:

WARN stack limit reached, limit: 10

edit your local or global .gitconfig and add the following section:


maxStack=50 # Or any other reasonable value for your project



Stephen Jung <>

10/18/2019 git-absorb 0.5.0