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ebook-convert - ebook-convert

ebook-convert input_file output_file [options]

Convert an e-book from one format to another.

input_file is the input and output_file is the output. Both must be specified as the first two arguments to the command.

The output e-book format is guessed from the file extension of output_file. output_file can also be of the special format .EXT where EXT is the output file extension. In this case, the name of the output file is derived from the name of the input file. Note that the filenames must not start with a hyphen. Finally, if output_file has no extension, then it is treated as a directory and an "open e-book" (OEB) consisting of HTML files is written to that directory. These files are the files that would normally have been passed to the output plugin.

After specifying the input and output file you can customize the conversion by specifying various options. The available options depend on the input and output file types. To get help on them specify the input and output file and then use the -h option.

For full documentation of the conversion system see conversion

Whenever you pass arguments to ebook-convert that have spaces in them, enclose the arguments in quotation marks. For example: "/some path/with spaces"

The options and default values for the options change depending on both the input and output formats, so you should always check with:

ebook-convert myfile.input_format myfile.output_format -h

Below are the options that are common to all conversion, followed by the options specific to every input and output format.

  • אפשרויות יבוא
  • אפשרויות יצוא
  • מראה ותחושה
  • חפש והחלף
  • תוכן העניינים
  • מטא-נתונים
  • די-באג

הצג חלונית עזרה זו וצא

Specify the input profile. The input profile gives the conversion system information on how to interpret various information in the input document. For example resolution dependent lengths (i.e. lengths in pixels). Choices are:cybookg3, cybook_opus, default, hanlinv3, hanlinv5, illiad, irexdr1000, irexdr800, kindle, msreader, mobipocket, nook, sony, sony300, sony900

List builtin recipe names. You can create an e-book from a builtin recipe like this: ebook-convert "Recipe Name.recipe" output.epub

Specify the output profile. The output profile tells the conversion system how to optimize the created document for the specified device (such as by resizing images for the device screen size). In some cases, an output profile can be used to optimize the output for a particular device, but this is rarely necessary. Choices are:cybookg3, cybook_opus, default, generic_eink, generic_eink_hd, generic_eink_large, hanlinv3, hanlinv5, illiad, ipad, ipad3, irexdr1000, irexdr800, jetbook5, kindle, kindle_dx, kindle_fire, kindle_oasis, kindle_pw, kindle_pw3, kindle_voyage, kobo, msreader, mobipocket, nook, nook_color, nook_hd_plus, pocketbook_900, pocketbook_pro_912, galaxy, sony, sony300, sony900, sony-landscape, sonyt3, tablet

הצג מספר גרסת התוכנה וצא

אפשרויות יבוא

אפשרותיות לשליטה בעיבוד mobi קבצים מיובאים

ציין את סוג הקידוד של קובץ המקור. בחירה זו תביא לביטול הגדרת הקידוד מהקובץ. שימושי במיוחד למסמכים חסרי הגדרת קידוד או בעלי הגדרות קידוד שגויות.

אפשרויות יצוא

אפשרותיות לשליטה בעיבוד epub קבצים מיוצאים

Turn off splitting at page breaks. Normally, input files are automatically split at every page break into two files. This gives an output e-book that can be parsed faster and with less resources. However, splitting is slow and if your source file contains a very large number of page breaks, you should turn off splitting on page breaks.

This option is needed only if you intend to use the EPUB with FBReaderJ. It will flatten the file system inside the EPUB, putting all files into the top level.

הכנס תוכן עניינים מוטבע שיופיע כחלק מתוכן הספר העיקרי.

הכנס תוכן עניינים מוטבע בסוף הספר במקום בתחילתו.

The version of the EPUB file to generate. EPUB 2 is the most widely compatible, only use EPUB 3 if you know you actually need it.

Extract the contents of the generated EPUB file to the specified directory. The contents of the directory are first deleted, so be careful.

פצל את כל קבצי ה-HTML הגדולים מזה (ב-KB). זה הכרחי משום שרוב קוראי ה-EPUB לא יכולים להתמודד עם גדלי קבצים גדולים. ברירת המחדל של 260KB היא הגודל הדרוש עבור Adobe Digital Editions. הגדר 0 כדי לבטל פיצול המבוסס על גודל.

Normally, if the input file has no cover and you don't specify one, a default cover is generated with the title, authors, etc. This option disables the generation of this cover.

Do not use SVG for the book cover. Use this option if your EPUB is going to be used on a device that does not support SVG, like the iPhone or the JetBook Lite. Without this option, such devices will display the cover as a blank page.

When using an SVG cover, this option will cause the cover to scale to cover the available screen area, but still preserve its aspect ratio (ratio of width to height). That means there may be white borders at the sides or top and bottom of the image, but the image will never be distorted. Without this option the image may be slightly distorted, but there will be no borders.

אם מוגדר, תוסף ההמרה ינסה ליצור קובץ קריא ככל האפשר. עלול לא להשפיע כלל עבור תוספים מסויימים.

Title for any generated in-line table of contents.

מראה ותחושה

שליטה במראה היצוא

Transliterate Unicode characters to an ASCII representation. Use with care because this will replace Unicode characters with ASCII. For instance it will replace "Михаил Горбачёв" with "Mikhail Gorbachiov". Also, note that in cases where there are multiple representations of a character (characters shared by Chinese and Japanese for instance) the representation based on the current calibre interface language will be used.

The base font size in pts. All font sizes in the produced book will be rescaled based on this size. By choosing a larger size you can make the fonts in the output bigger and vice versa. By default, when the value is zero, the base font size is chosen based on the output profile you chose.

Change text justification. A value of "left" converts all justified text in the source to left aligned (i.e. unjustified) text. A value of "justify" converts all unjustified text to justified. A value of "original" (the default) does not change justification in the source file. Note that only some output formats support justification.

Disable all rescaling of font sizes.

Embed every font that is referenced in the input document but not already embedded. This will search your system for the fonts, and if found, they will be embedded. Embedding will only work if the format you are converting to supports embedded fonts, such as EPUB, AZW3, DOCX or PDF. Please ensure that you have the proper license for embedding the fonts used in this document.

Embed the specified font family into the book. This specifies the "base" font used for the book. If the input document specifies its own fonts, they may override this base font. You can use the filter style information option to remove fonts from the input document. Note that font embedding only works with some output formats, principally EPUB, AZW3 and DOCX.

By default, calibre will use the shorthand form for various CSS properties such as margin, padding, border, etc. This option will cause it to use the full expanded form instead. Note that CSS is always expanded when generating EPUB files with the output profile set to one of the Nook profiles as the Nook cannot handle shorthand CSS.

Either the path to a CSS stylesheet or raw CSS. This CSS will be appended to the style rules from the source file, so it can be used to override those rules.

A comma separated list of CSS properties that will be removed from all CSS style rules. This is useful if the presence of some style information prevents it from being overridden on your device. For example: font-family,color,margin-left,margin-right

Mapping from CSS font names to font sizes in pts. An example setting is 12,12,14,16,18,20,22,24. These are the mappings for the sizes xx-small to xx-large, with the final size being for huge fonts. The font rescaling algorithm uses these sizes to intelligently rescale fonts. The default is to use a mapping based on the output profile you chose.

הכנס שורה ריקה בין פסקאות. אפשרות זו לא תעבוד אם קובץ המקור אינו משתמש בפסקאות (בתגיות <p> או <div>).

Set the height of the inserted blank lines (in em). The height of the lines between paragraphs will be twice the value set here.

Preserve ligatures present in the input document. A ligature is a special rendering of a pair of characters like ff, fi, fl et cetera. Most readers do not have support for ligatures in their default fonts, so they are unlikely to render correctly. By default, calibre will turn a ligature into the corresponding pair of normal characters. This option will preserve them instead.

The line height in pts. Controls spacing between consecutive lines of text. Only applies to elements that do not define their own line height. In most cases, the minimum line height option is more useful. By default no line height manipulation is performed.

Some badly designed documents use tables to control the layout of text on the page. When converted these documents often have text that runs off the page and other artifacts. This option will extract the content from the tables and present it in a linear fashion.

Set the bottom margin in pts. Default is 5.0. Setting this to less than zero will cause no margin to be set (the margin setting in the original document will be preserved). Note: Page oriented formats such as PDF and DOCX have their own margin settings that take precedence.

Set the left margin in pts. Default is 5.0. Setting this to less than zero will cause no margin to be set (the margin setting in the original document will be preserved). Note: Page oriented formats such as PDF and DOCX have their own margin settings that take precedence.

Set the right margin in pts. Default is 5.0. Setting this to less than zero will cause no margin to be set (the margin setting in the original document will be preserved). Note: Page oriented formats such as PDF and DOCX have their own margin settings that take precedence.

Set the top margin in pts. Default is 5.0. Setting this to less than zero will cause no margin to be set (the margin setting in the original document will be preserved). Note: Page oriented formats such as PDF and DOCX have their own margin settings that take precedence.

The minimum line height, as a percentage of the element's calculated font size. calibre will ensure that every element has a line height of at least this setting, irrespective of what the input document specifies. Set to zero to disable. Default is 120%. Use this setting in preference to the direct line height specification, unless you know what you are doing. For example, you can achieve "double spaced" text by setting this to 240.

Remove spacing between paragraphs. Also sets an indent on paragraphs of 1.5em. Spacing removal will not work if the source file does not use paragraphs (<p> or <div> tags).

When calibre removes blank lines between paragraphs, it automatically sets a paragraph indent, to ensure that paragraphs can be easily distinguished. This option controls the width of that indent (in em). If you set this value negative, then the indent specified in the input document is used, that is, calibre does not change the indentation.

Convert plain quotes, dashes and ellipsis to their typographically correct equivalents. For details, see

Subset all embedded fonts. Every embedded font is reduced to contain only the glyphs used in this document. This decreases the size of the font files. Useful if you are embedding a particularly large font with lots of unused glyphs.

Path to a file containing rules to transform the CSS styles in this book. The easiest way to create such a file is to use the wizard for creating rules in the calibre GUI. Access it in the "Look & feel->Transform styles" section of the conversion dialog. Once you create the rules, you can use the "Export" button to save them to a file.

Convert fancy quotes, dashes and ellipsis to their plain equivalents.


Modify the document text and structure using common patterns. Disabled by default. Use --enable-heuristics to enable. Individual actions can be disabled with the --disable-* options.

Analyze hyphenated words throughout the document. The document itself is used as a dictionary to determine whether hyphens should be retained or removed.

Remove empty paragraphs from the document when they exist between every other paragraph

Turn indentation created from multiple non-breaking space entities into CSS indents.

Left aligned scene break markers are center aligned. Replace soft scene breaks that use multiple blank lines with horizontal rules.

Look for common words and patterns that denote italics and italicize them.

Detect unformatted chapter headings and sub headings. Change them to h2 and h3 tags. This setting will not create a TOC, but can be used in conjunction with structure detection to create one.

Looks for occurrences of sequential <h1> or <h2> tags. The tags are renumbered to prevent splitting in the middle of chapter headings.

Unwrap lines using punctuation and other formatting clues.

Enable heuristic processing. This option must be set for any heuristic processing to take place.

Scale used to determine the length at which a line should be unwrapped. Valid values are a decimal between 0 and 1. The default is 0.4, just below the median line length. If only a few lines in the document require unwrapping this value should be reduced

Replace scene breaks with the specified text. By default, the text from the input document is used.

חפש והחלף

Modify the document text and structure using user defined patterns.

Path to a file containing search and replace regular expressions. The file must contain alternating lines of regular expression followed by replacement pattern (which can be an empty line). The regular expression must be in the Python regex syntax and the file must be UTF-8 encoded.

Replacement to replace the text found with sr1-search.

Search pattern (regular expression) to be replaced with sr1-replace.

Replacement to replace the text found with sr2-search.

Search pattern (regular expression) to be replaced with sr2-replace.

Replacement to replace the text found with sr3-search.

Search pattern (regular expression) to be replaced with sr3-replace.


שליטה באפשרויות גילוי אוטומטי של מבנה מסמך

An XPath expression to detect chapter titles. The default is to consider <h1> or <h2> tags that contain the words "chapter", "book", "section", "prologue", "epilogue" or "part" as chapter titles as well as any tags that have class="chapter". The expression used must evaluate to a list of elements. To disable chapter detection, use the expression "/". See the XPath Tutorial in the calibre User Manual for further help on using this feature.

Specify how to mark detected chapters. A value of "pagebreak" will insert page breaks before chapters. A value of "rule" will insert a line before chapters. A value of "none" will disable chapter marking and a value of "both" will use both page breaks and lines to mark chapters.

Some documents specify page margins by specifying a left and right margin on each individual paragraph. calibre will try to detect and remove these margins. Sometimes, this can cause the removal of margins that should not have been removed. In this case you can disable the removal.

Insert the book metadata at the start of the book. This is useful if your e-book reader does not support displaying/searching metadata directly.

An XPath expression. Page breaks are inserted before the specified elements. To disable use the expression: /

השתמש בכריכה שזוהתה מקובץ המקור על פני הכריכה שצויינה.

Remove the first image from the input e-book. Useful if the input document has a cover image that is not identified as a cover. In this case, if you set a cover in calibre, the output document will end up with two cover images if you do not specify this option.

An XPath expression to detect the location in the document at which to start reading. Some e-book reading programs (most prominently the Kindle) use this location as the position at which to open the book. See the XPath tutorial in the calibre User Manual for further help using this feature.

תוכן העניינים

שליטה ביצירה אוטומטית של תוכן עניינים

When creating a TOC from links in the input document, allow duplicate entries, i.e. allow more than one entry with the same text, provided that they point to a different location.

XPath expression that specifies all tags that should be added to the Table of Contents at level one. If this is specified, it takes precedence over other forms of auto-detection. See the XPath Tutorial in the calibre User Manual for examples.

XPath expression that specifies all tags that should be added to the Table of Contents at level two. Each entry is added under the previous level one entry. See the XPath Tutorial in the calibre User Manual for examples.

XPath expression that specifies all tags that should be added to the Table of Contents at level three. Each entry is added under the previous level two entry. See the XPath Tutorial in the calibre User Manual for examples.

Maximum number of links to insert into the TOC. Set to 0 to disable. Default is: 50. Links are only added to the TOC if less than the threshold number of chapters were detected.

את תוסיף פרקים שנמצאו אוטומטית לטבלת תוכן-העניינים.

Remove entries from the Table of Contents whose titles match the specified regular expression. Matching entries and all their children are removed.

אם מספר הפרקים שנמצאו קטן מהמספר הנקוב, אז קישורים (לינקים) יווצרו בתוכן-העניינים. ברירת מחדל: 6

Normally, if the source file already has a Table of Contents, it is used in preference to the auto-generated one. With this option, the auto-generated one is always used.


אפשרויות להגדרת המטא-נתונים בפלט

String to be used when sorting by author.

קבע את המחברים. אם יש כמה, הפרד בינהם בעזרת התו אמפרסנד (&).

קבע את מפיק הספר.

Set the e-book description.

קבע את הכריכה כקובץ המצויין או כתובת אינטרנט (URL)

קבע את המסת"ב (ISBN) של הספר.

קבע את השפה.

Set the publication date (assumed to be in the local timezone, unless the timezone is explicitly specified)

Set the e-book publisher.

קבע את דירוג הספר. מספר זה צריך להיות בין 1 ל-5.

Read metadata from the specified OPF file. Metadata read from this file will override any metadata in the source file.

Set the series this e-book belongs to.

קבע את מספר הספר בסדרה.

קבע תגיות לספר זה. הפרד תגיות עם פסיקים.

Set the book timestamp (no longer used anywhere)

קבע את הכותרת.

גרסת המסמך, לשימוש במיון.


Options to help with debugging the conversion

Save the output from different stages of the conversion pipeline to the specified directory. Useful if you are unsure at which stage of the conversion process a bug is occurring.

Level of verbosity. Specify multiple times for greater verbosity. Specifying it twice will result in full verbosity, once medium verbosity and zero times least verbosity.


Kovid Goyal


Kovid Goyal

פברואר 26, 2021 5.12.0