- bullseye 0.18.0+ds-2
- bullseye-backports 0.22.0+ds-2~bpo11+1
- testing 0.25.0+ds-2
- unstable 0.26.0+ds-1
- experimental 0.26.0+ds-2~experimental1
|ext4slower(8)||System Manager's Manual||ext4slower(8)|
ext4slower - Trace slow ext4 file operations, with per-event details.
ext4slower [-h] [-j] [-p PID] [min_ms]
This tool traces common ext4 file operations: reads, writes, opens, and syncs. It measures the time spent in these operations, and prints details for each that exceeded a threshold.
WARNING: See the OVERHEAD section.
By default, a minimum millisecond threshold of 10 is used. If a threshold of 0 is used, all events are printed (warning: verbose).
Since this works by tracing the ext4_file_operations interface functions, it will need updating to match any changes to these functions.
Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.
CONFIG_BPF and bcc.
-p PID Trace this PID only.
- Minimum I/O latency (duration) to trace, in milliseconds. Default is 10 ms.
- Trace synchronous file reads and writes slower than 10 ms:
- # ext4slower
- Trace slower than 1 ms:
- # ext4slower 1
- Trace slower than 1 ms, and output just the fields in parsable format (csv):
- # ext4slower -j 1
- Trace all file reads and writes (warning: the output will be verbose):
- # ext4slower 0
- Trace slower than 1 ms, for PID 181 only:
- # ext4slower -p 181 1
- Time of I/O completion since the first I/O seen, in seconds.
- Process name.
- Process ID.
- Type of operation. R == read, W == write, O == open, S == fsync.
- File offset for the I/O, in Kbytes.
- Size of I/O, in bytes.
- Latency (duration) of I/O, measured from when it was issued by VFS to the filesystem, to when it completed. This time is inclusive of block device I/O, file system CPU cycles, file system locks, run queue latency, etc. It's a more accurate measure of the latency suffered by applications performing file system I/O, than to measure this down at the block device interface.
- A cached kernel file name (comes from dentry->d_name.name).
- Completion timestamp, microseconds (-j only).
- File offset, bytes (-j only).
- Latency (duration) of the I/O, in microseconds (-j only).
This adds low-overhead instrumentation to these ext4 operations, including reads and writes from the file system cache. Such reads and writes can be very frequent (depending on the workload; eg, 1M/sec), at which point the overhead of this tool (even if it prints no "slower" events) can begin to become significant. Measure and quantify before use. If this continues to be a problem, consider switching to a tool that prints in-kernel summaries only.
Note that the overhead of this tool should be less than fileslower(8), as this tool targets ext4 functions only, and not all file read/write paths (which can include socket I/O).
This is from bcc.
Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.
Unstable - in development.
biosnoop(8), funccount(8), fileslower(8)