- bullseye 0.18.0+ds-2
- bullseye-backports 0.22.0+ds-2~bpo11+1
- testing 0.25.0+ds-2
- unstable 0.26.0+ds-1
- experimental 0.26.0+ds-2~experimental1
|ext4dist(8)||System Manager's Manual||ext4dist(8)|
ext4dist - Summarize ext4 operation latency. Uses Linux eBPF/bcc.
ext4dist [-h] [-T] [-m] [-p PID] [interval] [count]
This tool summarizes time (latency) spent in common ext4 file operations: reads, writes, opens, and syncs, and presents it as a power-of-2 histogram. It uses an in-kernel eBPF map to store the histogram for efficiency.
Since this works by tracing the ext4_file_operations interface functions, it will need updating to match any changes to these functions.
Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.
CONFIG_BPF and bcc.
- Trace ext4 operation time, and print a summary on Ctrl-C:
- # ext4dist
- Trace PID 181 only:
- # ext4dist -p 181
- Print 1 second summaries, 10 times:
- # ext4dist 1 10
- 1 second summaries, printed in milliseconds
- # ext4dist -m 1
- Range of milliseconds for this bucket.
- Range of microseconds for this bucket.
- Number of operations in this time range.
- ASCII representation of the distribution (the count column).
This adds low-overhead instrumentation to these ext4 operations, including reads and writes from the file system cache. Such reads and writes can be very frequent (depending on the workload; eg, 1M/sec), at which point the overhead of this tool may become noticeable. Measure and quantify before use.
This is from bcc.
Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.
Unstable - in development.